20121123

郎朗與兩種葉公

所謂郎朗與李雲迪之爭,相信不少古典樂迷早有所聞;邵頌雄近日的一篇文章,除了批評郎朗胸襟狹窄、主動公開李雲迪執他二攤,和轉述了郎李二人是是非非的一些傳聞,更對郎朗的藝術表現深深不以為然:

「初出道時的郎朗,還不過是一個音樂略帶浮誇、文化素養淺薄的音樂系畢業生。一時的風雲際遇,卻令他沉醉在建立起來的光環中,肆意曲解所謂浪漫風格,實則是一種郎式的自戀傲慢,演出一味往一些小聰明的枝節效果追尋,音符不成樂句、樂句不成樂章,品味庸俗得嚇人。」

這裏批評的不是郎朗的技術,因為能躋身世界古典樂壇的鋼琴家,技術一定是頂尖的;邵頌雄著眼的是郎朗的藝術品味和修養,認為他只知追求效果、浮誇庸俗、譁眾取寵,並指出郎朗的成功主要是商業包裝和推銷的結果。

判斷一個演奏家的藝術品味和修養,多少有點主觀。朗朗的演奏表情誇張,演繹同樣誇張,很多人認為那是注重表演效果而輕視演繹深度的表現;然而,甚麼是演繹深度呢?那也是虛無縹緲、人人殊的,一般音樂訓練不強(甚至闕如)的古典樂迷固然未必有能力判斷,就算是專業樂評人也難有一致的看法。

追捧郎朗的人,不少只是葉公好龍,被郎朗的名氣和形象所眩,便趨之若鶩。這種葉公,好的是飛龍在天的龍,可是,還有另一種葉公,好的卻是潛龍勿用的龍,認為藝術品味好、修養高,和演繹有深度的演奏家絕不會是 showman --- 郎朗是個徹頭徹尾的 showman,自然是膚淺庸俗了。

我這個古典樂迷,聽了二、三十年古典音樂,最初是第一種葉公,後來變成第二種葉公,現在已是「後葉公」階段,對不同風格的作曲家、樂曲、和演奏家都頗能兼收並蓄,雖然仍有好惡,但已少有像從前那麼一面倒的;就以郎朗為例,他彈的巴赫我的確受不了(太浪漫化),但他的舒曼我卻相當喜歡。

13 則留言:

  1. 郎朗的技藝比李雲迪差得太遠了。聽郎朗彈鋼琴就猶如聽打鐵一樣,很容易耳朵疲勞;但聽李雲迪演奏則是一種藝術享受,很有陶醉感。

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    1. 郎朗不是那麼差吧?

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    2. 郎朗與一般會彈鋼琴的人相比當然不算差,但與李雲迪相比就真是相差太遠了。

      我的感覺是:

      李雲迪是在用十隻手指彈琴 --他的十隻手指尖似乎能夠分別表達出不同的情感和力度,換句話說,李雲迪能夠把不同的情感分別傳遞到十隻不同的手指尖,使他能夠令鋼琴表現出極為豐富的情感,令聽者陶醉;

      反觀郎朗,他卻似乎只是在用兩隻手臂在彈琴 --雖然他也有力度和輕重,但其情感卻似乎只能夠傳遞到手臂,十隻手指頭沒有能夠像李雲迪那樣分別表現出各自不同的情感,因而其表現力大為遜色,彈出的樂曲生硬,令可聽程度大減。

      下面列出兩人彈奏的兩首相同的樂曲,看看各自的分別:

      李斯特 鐘 by 李云迪.flv

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?

      v=CMHIj2JLZZ0&feature=related

      [HD]朗朗_李斯特-鐘_朗朗高雄鋼琴獨奏會

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?

      v=Ay0Hetsfyzo&feature=related


      Heroic Polonaise - Yundi Li

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?

      v=s4QUNNqlB7M&feature=related

      郎郎 蕭邦:降A大調 第六號波蘭舞曲「英雄」,作品53

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?

      v=bvNx9qYl_cs&feature=related

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    3. 李斯特 鐘 by 李云迪.flv
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMHIj2JLZZ0&feature=related

      [HD]朗朗_李斯特-鐘_朗朗高雄鋼琴獨奏會
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ay0Hetsfyzo&feature=related

      Heroic Polonaise - Yundi Li
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s4QUNNqlB7M&feature=related

      郎郎 蕭邦:降A大調 第六號波蘭舞曲「英雄」,作品53
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bvNx9qYl_cs&feature=related

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    4. 記憶中據中國另一位也曾獲國際著名專業鋼琴賽獎項的前輩鋼琴大師劉詩昆曾說過:李雲迪所得的國際專業鋼琴獎--肖邦國際鋼琴大賽是難度最高的國際專業鋼琴大賽,據說此賽是寧缺莫濫,寧可不選出冠軍,也不硬選出不合格的人。所以據說李雲迪之前兩年這個賽事的冠軍都是空缺,世界上沒有人奪魁,李雲迪是這個專業賽在冠軍空缺兩年後奪得此項殊榮的人,也可見其技藝不凡。
      據劉詩昆說基本上其它的所謂鋼琴考級基本上都是業餘的,是小範圍的自定標準,與那些專業國際鋼琴比賽完全不同。郎朗似乎並未得過什麼專業國際鋼琴大賽的獎項,與李雲迪的水準根本無得比。這是記憶中專業鋼琴大師對兩人的看法。

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    5. 很多著名鋼琴家也沒嬴過甚麼國際鋼琴比賽,而蕭邦國際鋼琴大賽冠軍,也不是個個都成名(例如1980年得獎的越南鋼琴家鄧泰山)。

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  2. I have to share this with you Prof.

    On Lang Lang-- "[he] feels the music at you, in ways both good and bad. He advertises his love of performing simply by the way he charges onstage, and he creates a giddy atmosphere as he negotiates hairpin turns at high speed. Stereotypes to the contrary, you wish at times that he were a little more impersonal. He tends to impose his ebullience on the music, whether or not the music demands it."

    On Yundi Li -- "is a cooler presence. His playing is refined, almost severe. … he’s a more naturally poetic soul than Lang Lang."


    http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/musical/2007/04/02/070402crmu_music_ross

    Also, LingLing is a brand too, here:

    http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2008/08/04/080804fa_fact_remnick

    My opinion is the preferences of performer is a matter of taste, and highly reflective of the listener's personality. It readily depends on what the listener wants to get out of the music and performer.

    For example, some loves buying and carrying tacky luxury- monogramed branded handbags while others enjoy craftsmen made DIY totes.

    "以郎朗為例,他彈的巴赫我的確受不了(太浪漫化)"

    Speaking as purist, performing Bach in a Romantic showy way (stylistically speaking) is simply wrong.

    You like any avant-garde stuff (e.g. Ballet Mécanique) from the early 20th century?

    -49er

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    1. Thanks for the information.

      As for avant-garde music, my taste is rather limited. I sort of like Webern and Berio.

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  3. "聽郎朗彈鋼琴就猶如聽打鐵一樣" Ballet Mecanique will surely induce pounding headaches on Mr. 神洲. ;)

    -49er

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  4. 西樂...我有偏見﹐還是不評了

    反而郎朗和他爸郎國任﹐曾合奏一曲賽馬﹐可以一評
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7JLvbXGoicw

    郎國任算拉得很不錯﹐雖然不知何故中段變慢了﹐後段轉換成戰馬奔騰也蠻好﹐但馬叫聲不知是否琴的問題﹐太沙啞啦。

    至於論功力嘛﹐郎國任跟陳耀星差得遠﹐連陳軍也沒法比。

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  5. I chatted with my husband, who is a professional musician, about this. He said he had played with lesser-known pianists in some regional venues, and in his opinions, some of whom are just as good as the better known ones. He said at that level, the skill differences are minor, and he doubts if most people can actually tell one from another. And with so many pianists out there, there isn't very much room left for new interpretation of a piece - everything has been done already.

    On another note, my husband has been complaining about classical music becoming more about packaging, just like pop music, where pictures of the young pretty women boost sales.

    Anyway, my husband tends to have a very pessimistic outlook on classical music.

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    1. I totally agree with your husband!

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